Fasting in the month of Ramadan has been made mandatory for all Muslims so that we may be pious.
“O you who believe! Observing fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed
for those before you, that you may become pious.” Q2:183
However, a few set of individuals who may find fasting harmful to their health have been permitted to hold back on this exercise. Among these individuals are the sick, old, pregnant, nursing mothers and the likes.
When these set of individuals observe that fasting would be unfavourable to their health, they should not be over enthused to fast because they have been excused by Allah Himself. Fasting and other forms of worship should be enjoyed
and not detrimental to our lives. Allah Says:
“And (He) has not laid upon you in religion any hardship”.Q22:78
Nevertheless, these individuals must feed the poor Muslims fasting for the 29 or 30 days of Ramadan. Scholars of Islam have explained that they must feed them their Sahur and Iftar daily; and one poor Muslim represents a day’s fast.
If anyone has aged or sick parents, the responsibility lies on him and his siblings to execute the task for them daily.
Also, if a sick person dies and did not perform this duty while alive, it is the responsibility of his inheritors to perform the task on his behalf.
Enough money to buy food for Sahur and Iftar may also be given to these poor Muslims.
Allah knows best.